Beijing, a world famous metropolis with a long history, ever served as a dynastic capital from the beginning of the fin in 1115 to the end of the Qing Dynasties in 1911. On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded and Beijing has been the capital and the political, economic, communication, scientific and cultural centre of new China.
Beijing nestles at the foot of Yanshan Mountain on the northern tip of the North China Plain and mountainous areas make up 62% of its total land. It has a continental monsoon climate .The annual mean temperature is 11.8 du and the annual precipitation is 637 mm.
Covering an area of 16800 kM2 and with a population of 12.46 million, Beijing is one of the most important tourist cities of China. There are many attractive historic sites and scenic spots, such as the Great Wall at Badaling, the Ming Tombs, Palace Museum, the site of Peking Man's Home at Zhoukoudian, the Summer Palace